15 augusti 2007

Dyra Vårfrudag

Idag firar Kyrkan jungfru Marias upptagning till himmelen. Många protestanter blev upprörda när påven Pius XII år 1950 i kraft av sin påvliga auktoritet proklamerade Marias upptagning som en dogm, det vill säga en trossanning som alla katoliker är ålagda att tro på. Men högtiden har firats långt före dess. Under medeltiden var dagen rentav Sveriges nationaldag, under namnet "Dyra Vårfrudag". För en icke-katolik kan högtidlighållandet av Marias upptagning tyckas aningen märkligt då det inte nämns i Bibeln, och kan tyckas endast vara ett senare påhitt för att upphöja Maria till samma värdighet som Kristus. Men notera att vi inte säger Marias himmelsfärd utan Marias upptagning. Maria for inte upp i himmelen på samma sätt som Jesus (eller Elia, för den delen). Hon levde färdigt sitt jordeliv till dess att hon somnade in. Vi säger inte att hon dog eftersom döden är en konsekvens av synden, och Maria enligt katolsk tro bevarades fri från synden ändå från det första ögonblicket av hennes tillblivelse. Hon blev dock i vilket fall som helst begravd, sannolikt i Efesus, och enligt traditionen i närvaro av alla apostlarna. När man skulle titta till graven några dagar senare var kroppen borta. Slutsatsen var att kroppen tillsammans med själen hade blivit upptagen i himmelen. Det är därför det genom alla tider aldrig har funnits några kristna som hävdat sig ha reliker i form av benrester från jungfru Maria, vilket skulle ha varit ytterst märkligt om det inte vore för det faktum att den allmänna uppfattningen var att hennes kropp hade upptagits i himmelen.

"Kungadottern står bland dina skatter,
i Ofir-guld står bruden på din högra sida."
(Ps 45:10)


At 2:40 fm, Anonymous Anonym said...

Jag har också hört — och använt — den där uppgiften om Sveriges nationaldag, men med tiden har jag börjat fundera: inte hade man väl nationaldagar på medeltiden? Har DU någon källa för uppgiften?

At 9:38 fm, Anonymous Anonym said...

...högtidlighållandet av Marias upptagning tyckas aningen märkligt då det inte nämns i Bibeln... :

Among the scholastic theologians there have not been lacking those who, wishing to inquire more profoundly into divinely revealed truths and desirous of showing the harmony that exists between what is termed the theological demonstration and the Catholic faith, have always considered it worthy of note that this privilege of the Virgin Mary's Assumption is in wonderful accord with those divine truths given us in Holy Scripture.

When they go on to explain this point, they adduce various proofs to throw light on this privilege of Mary. As the first element of these demonstrations, they insist upon the fact that, out of filial love for his mother, Jesus Christ has willed that she be assumed into heaven. They base the strength of their proofs on the incomparable dignity of her divine motherhood and of all those prerogatives which follow from it. These include her exalted holiness, entirely surpassing the sanctity of all men and of the angels, the intimate union of Mary with her Son, and the affection of preeminent love which the Son has for his most worthy Mother.

Often there are theologians and preachers who, following in the footsteps of the holy Fathers, have been rather free in their use of events and expressions taken from Sacred Scripture to explain their belief in the Assumption. Thus, to mention only a few of the texts rather frequently cited in this fashion, some have employed the words of the psalmist: "Arise, O Lord, into your resting place: you and the ark, which you have sanctified" ; and have looked upon the Ark of the Covenant, built of incorruptible wood and placed in the Lord's temple, as a type of the most pure body of the Virgin Mary, preserved and exempt from all the corruption of the tomb and raised up to such glory in heaven. Treating of this subject, they also describe her as the Queen entering triumphantly into the royal halls of heaven and sitting at the right hand of the divine Redeemer. Likewise they mention the Spouse of the Canticles "that goes up by the desert, as a pillar of smoke of aromatical spices, of myrrh and frankincense" to be crowned. These are proposed as depicting that heavenly Queen and heavenly Spouse who has been lifted up to the courts of heaven with the divine Bridegroom.

Moreover, the scholastic Doctors have recognized the Assumption of the Virgin Mother of God as something signified, not only in various figures of the Old Testament, but also in that woman clothed with the sun whom John the Apostle contemplated on the Island of Patmos. Similarly they have given special attention to these words of the New Testament: "Hail, full of grace, the Lord is with you, blessed are you among women," since they saw, in the mystery of the Assumption, the fulfillment of that most perfect grace granted to the Blessed Virgin and the special blessing that countered the curse of Eve.




At 10:10 fm, Blogger Gustav Ahlman said...

"Inte nämns _explicit_ i Bibeln" hade kanske varit mer korrekt?

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